Luís Vaz de Camões, (1524 - 1580) His mastery of verse has been compared to that of Shakespeare, Vondel, Homer, Virgil and Dante. He wrote a considerable amount of lyrical poetry and drama but is best remembered for his epic work Os Lusíadas (The Lusiads). His recollection of poetry The Parnasum of Luís de Camões was lost in his lifetime. The influence of his masterpiece "Os Lusíadas" in Portuguese is so profound that it is called the "language of Camões".
Sophia de Mello Breyner Andresen (1919-2004) is one of the most important poetess and writer of the twentieth century that found in poetry and literature a way to communicate her perception of things through the transfiguration of the world. Sea is one of her great themes; others also recurring are the Ancient Greece and ideas of freedom and justice. Her works also include children’s books. In 1999 she became the first woman receiving the highest Portuguese award for poetry, the Camões…
Vitorino Nemésio (1901 — 1978) foi um poeta, escritor e intelectual de origem açoriana que se destacou como romancista, autor de Mau Tempo no Canal, e professor da Faculdade de Letras da Universidade de Lisboa.
José Régio, pseudónimo de José Maria dos Reis Pereira, (1901- 1969). Escritor, poeta, dramaturgo, romancista, novelista, contista, ensaísta, cronista, crítico, autor de diário, memorialista, epistológrafo e historiador da literatura.
Antero de Quental (1842-1891) was a poet and philosopher. He was a true leader of Realism in Portugal. He contributed to the implementation of renewing ideas the generation of 1870. Along with Bocage and Camões, he is considered a great sonneteer of Portuguese literature. His poetry presents distinct sides: the experiences of youth; the activist poetry; the poetry with a metaphysical tone, focused on the expression of the anguish of those who seek a meaning for existence.
Camilo Castelo Branco (1825-1890) was one of the most prolific and outstanding writers of contemporary Portuguese literature. He had a troubled life, which often served him as inspiration for his novels. He was the first Portuguese writer to live solely on his literary writings. Despite writing to the public, thus subjecting themselves to the dictates of fashion, managed to keep a very unique writing. Critics put it between romanticism and realism.