Elizabeth playing a lute - or electronic hurry gurdy? A miniature portrait of Queen Elizabeth I playing the lute, commissioned by her cousin, Henry Carey, Baron Hunsdon. Painted by Nicholas Hilliard c. The Bridgeman Art Library, London
Example of Cythara. From the Stuttgart , dated a. The Cythara is mentioned several times. The author of the document this came from asserts that this is the ancestor of the Renaissance zither. This info from Jean-Paul Bazin.