Hattie McDaniel (June 1895 – October was an American actress. McDaniel was the first African-American to win an Academy Award. She won the award for Best Supporting Actress for her role of Mammy in Gone with the Wind
Nina Mae McKinney (June an American actress dubbed "The Black Garbo" when she worked in Europe. She was one of the first African-American film stars and one of the first African-Americans to appear on British television.
Dorothy Dandridge was the first African American woman nominated for the Best Actress Academy Award for her lead role in Carmen Jones. Fun Fact: Halle Berry played Dandridge in Introducing Dorothy Dandridge .