n Roman Egypt (30 BC-AD 324), artists adapted naturalistic painting styles to the ancient custom of making portrait masks for mummies. The portraits were often painted while the subject was in the prime of life and were hung in the home until the person's death. This practice continued in northern Egypt well into the Early Byzantine period. Date late century (Roman Imperial) Medium encaustic (wax, pigments) on wood
Fayum Mummy Portraits usually depict a single person, showing the head, or head and upper chest, viewed frontally. The background is always monochrome, sometimes with decorative elements. In terms of artistic tradition, the images clearly derive more from Graeco-Roman traditions than Egyptian ones. The population of the Fayum area was greatly enhanced by a wave of Greek immigrants during the Ptolemaic period.