Patrice Lumumba June 1960 – 14 September "Lumumba was the only Congolese leader who rose above the ethnic difficulties and tribal preoccupations that destroyed all the other parties. Lumumba was the first real pan-African.
From 1963 to his assassination in Amílcar Cabral led the PAIGC's guerrilla movement (in Portuguese Guinea) against the Portuguese colonialists, which evolved into one of most successful war of independence in African history.
Shaka - truly great military leader, born circa turned the Zulu nation into an Empire, inventing the institutions, weapons, and tactics to create an African super-power. That Empire foundered when confronted by European technology.