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The 1999 East Timorese crisis.

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The 1999 East Timorese crisis began with attacks by anti-independence militants on civilians, and expanded to general violence throughout the country, centred in the capital Dili. The violence erupted after a majority of eligible voters in the population of East Timor chose independence from Indonesia. Some 1,400 civilians are believed to have died. A UN-authorized force (INTERFET) consisting mainly of Australian Defence Force personnel was deployed to East Timor to establish and maintain peace.
EAST TIMOR: LIQUISA: RETREATING MILITIA BURN HOUSES

EAST TIMOR: LIQUISA: RETREATING MILITIA BURN HOUSES

East Timor Law and Justice Bulletin: Joint Statement from ANTI on case involving Besi Merah Putih Militia Member Valentim Lavio

East Timor Law and Justice Bulletin: Joint Statement from ANTI on case involving Besi Merah Putih Militia Member Valentim Lavio

João da Silva Tavares (born in Atabae, Bobonaro, Portuguese Timor, 6 April 1931 - died in Atambua, East Nusa Tenggara, June 8, 2009 at age 78) is the pro-Indonesia Militia Commander in Timor Leste. He is also a pro-integration or anti-independence militia.

João da Silva Tavares (born in Atabae, Bobonaro, Portuguese Timor, 6 April 1931 - died in Atambua, East Nusa Tenggara, June 8, 2009 at age 78) is the pro-Indonesia Militia Commander in Timor Leste. He is also a pro-integration or anti-independence militia.

Xanana Gusmao (left) with Joao Tavares, former pro-Jakarta militia commander.

Xanana Gusmao (left) with Joao Tavares, former pro-Jakarta militia commander.

According to the International Commission of Inquiry on East Timor's report to the Secretary-General of the United Nations, several hundred persons had sought refuge in the Ave Maria church from attacks of the pro-Indonesia Laksaur militia in the city. Then the militia, with the support of the military of Indonesia, killed up to 200 people.

According to the International Commission of Inquiry on East Timor's report to the Secretary-General of the United Nations, several hundred persons had sought refuge in the Ave Maria church from attacks of the pro-Indonesia Laksaur militia in the city. Then the militia, with the support of the military of Indonesia, killed up to 200 people.

The East Timor Ballot.Do you accept the proposed special autonomy for East Timor within the unitary state of the Republic of Indonesia?  Results  Votes	 %   Yes	94,388	21.50%   No	344,580	78.50%

The East Timor Ballot.Do you accept the proposed special autonomy for East Timor within the unitary state of the Republic of Indonesia? Results Votes % Yes 94,388 21.50% No 344,580 78.50%

OECUSSI, EAST TIMOR - An aerial view of the East Timor city of Oecussi, also called Ambeno, which shows most houses destroyed October 27, reportedly by rampaging militia in this enclave of 50,000 people on Timor's north coast. Almost the entire population of the enclave fled into the hills or were taken to West Timor. Soldiers in a U.N.-backed multinational force in East Timor said fewer people appeared to have been killed in the enclave of Oecussi than feared. POOL (Reuters)

OECUSSI, EAST TIMOR - An aerial view of the East Timor city of Oecussi, also called Ambeno, which shows most houses destroyed October 27, reportedly by rampaging militia in this enclave of 50,000 people on Timor's north coast. Almost the entire population of the enclave fled into the hills or were taken to West Timor. Soldiers in a U.N.-backed multinational force in East Timor said fewer people appeared to have been killed in the enclave of Oecussi than feared. POOL (Reuters)

"East Timorese refugees carry their belongings as they cross the border back into their homeland near the town of Memo Tuesday. Thousands of East Timorese, who were forcibly deported to West Timor by pro-Jakarta authorities following a vote for East Timor's independence from Indonesia, trickled across the border after walking in intense heat for hours, with at least five people reported dead during the trek. (Jason Reed/Reuters)"

"East Timorese refugees carry their belongings as they cross the border back into their homeland near the town of Memo Tuesday. Thousands of East Timorese, who were forcibly deported to West Timor by pro-Jakarta authorities following a vote for East Timor's independence from Indonesia, trickled across the border after walking in intense heat for hours, with at least five people reported dead during the trek. (Jason Reed/Reuters)"

"LIQUICA, EAST TIMOR, 19-OCT-1999: Australian soldiers walk around a newly discovered mass grave on the beach at Liquica, 50km west of Dili October 19 1999. Authorities will attempt to exhume at least 20 bodies which have been located in three grave sites in and around the town of Liquica. [Photo by Rob Elliott, AFP]"

"LIQUICA, EAST TIMOR, 19-OCT-1999: Australian soldiers walk around a newly discovered mass grave on the beach at Liquica, 50km west of Dili October 19 1999. Authorities will attempt to exhume at least 20 bodies which have been located in three grave sites in and around the town of Liquica. [Photo by Rob Elliott, AFP]"

"Mass Grave Unearthed in Timor"  BBC Online, 19 October 1999

"Mass Grave Unearthed in Timor" BBC Online, 19 October 1999

SUAI, EAST TIMOR, 16-OCT-1999: Eliseu Gusmao shows spent bullet shells scattered inside the burned Suai church compound October 16 1999 in East TImor. Gusmao, an eyewitness in the massacre where a Roman Catholic priest was hacked to death, said about 200 people were killed allegedly by militias and Indonesian soldiers during the September 6 attack on the church compound which housed East Timorese seeking refuge from militia violence. [AFP Photo]

SUAI, EAST TIMOR, 16-OCT-1999: Eliseu Gusmao shows spent bullet shells scattered inside the burned Suai church compound October 16 1999 in East TImor. Gusmao, an eyewitness in the massacre where a Roman Catholic priest was hacked to death, said about 200 people were killed allegedly by militias and Indonesian soldiers during the September 6 attack on the church compound which housed East Timorese seeking refuge from militia violence. [AFP Photo]

SUAI, EAST TIMOR, 16-OCT-1999: East Timorese men stand on the blood   stained steps of the unfinished Suai Cathedral October 16 1999. About   200 people were allegedly killed in the Suai church compound by   militias and Indonesian soldiers during a September 6 1999 attack,   according to an eyewitness. The International Force for East Timor   (INTERFET) said they would investigate the incident. [Photo by Romeo   Gacad, AFP]

SUAI, EAST TIMOR, 16-OCT-1999: East Timorese men stand on the blood stained steps of the unfinished Suai Cathedral October 16 1999. About 200 people were allegedly killed in the Suai church compound by militias and Indonesian soldiers during a September 6 1999 attack, according to an eyewitness. The International Force for East Timor (INTERFET) said they would investigate the incident. [Photo by Romeo Gacad, AFP]

BORBARA, EAST TIMOR - East Timorese men stand next to a well after finding the bones of at least four people inside it near the village of Borbara October 14, the likely victims of attacks by pro-Jakarta milita following a vote for independence from Indonesia. Dozens of bodies are suspected to be dumped in the area as witnesses said up to 100 locals were brought to the scene by militias in the days after the August 30 referendum for independence. Photo by Jason Reed (Reuters)."

BORBARA, EAST TIMOR - East Timorese men stand next to a well after finding the bones of at least four people inside it near the village of Borbara October 14, the likely victims of attacks by pro-Jakarta milita following a vote for independence from Indonesia. Dozens of bodies are suspected to be dumped in the area as witnesses said up to 100 locals were brought to the scene by militias in the days after the August 30 referendum for independence. Photo by Jason Reed (Reuters)."

DILI, EAST TIMOR - A woman and her child cry   after they landed at Dili airport, October 8. Some 90 East Timorese   refugees were returned by plane to the territory after having been   taken by Indonesian authorities to West Timor during   pro-Indonesia militia violence.

DILI, EAST TIMOR - A woman and her child cry after they landed at Dili airport, October 8. Some 90 East Timorese refugees were returned by plane to the territory after having been taken by Indonesian authorities to West Timor during pro-Indonesia militia violence.

An aerial view of Maliana, a large town in southwest   East Timor October 5, shows a group of houses   that have been damaged by suspected pro-Jakarta militia   in recent weeks.

An aerial view of Maliana, a large town in southwest East Timor October 5, shows a group of houses that have been damaged by suspected pro-Jakarta militia in recent weeks.

"Families 'Held Hostage in Camps'"  The Sydney Morning Herald, 5 October 1999

"Families 'Held Hostage in Camps'" The Sydney Morning Herald, 5 October 1999