Mongolian People's Army . Period 1921-1939.

With Independence lost again to foreign forces, the newly created Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party created a native communist army in 1920 under the leadership of Damdin Sükhbaatar in order to fight against Russian troops from the White movement and Chinese forces. The MPRP was aided by the Red Army, which helped to secure the Mongolian People's Republic and remained in its territory until at least 1925.
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Army

The ruins of a Buddhist temple destroyed by Communists. Most of the lamas were castrated or executed as Field Marshall Choibalsan followed Stalin's orders to crush Religion in Mongolia.

The ruins of a Buddhist temple destroyed by Communists. Most of the lamas were castrated or executed as Field Marshall Choibalsan followed Stalin's orders to crush Religion in Mongolia.

Fighter pilots [1930s-1940s].Mongolian People's Army Aviation.

Fighter pilots [1930s-1940s].Mongolian People's Army Aviation.

Sukhe Bator, em Moscovo, 1921.

Sukhe Bator, em Moscovo, 1921.

Primeiro Vice-Ministro dos Assuntos Militares e comandante militar, Tamdrin Sukhbaatar ou Sukhe Bator, 1921-1922.

Primeiro Vice-Ministro dos Assuntos Militares e comandante militar, Tamdrin Sukhbaatar ou Sukhe Bator, 1921-1922.

Peljidiin Genden ( 1892 or 1895 –  1937) political leader of the Mongolian People's Republic who served as the country's second president (1924 to 1927) and the ninth prime minister (1932–1936).  Accused of conspiring against the revolution and spying for the Japanese, he was executed in Moscow on November 26, 1937.

Peljidiin Genden ( 1892 or 1895 – 1937) political leader of the Mongolian People's Republic who served as the country's second president (1924 to 1927) and the ninth prime minister (1932–1936). Accused of conspiring against the revolution and spying for the Japanese, he was executed in Moscow on November 26, 1937.

The 9th Jebtsundamba Khutughtu (1932 – 2012) was the 9th reincarnation of the Jebtsundamba Khutuktu, the third highest lama in the Tibetan Buddhism hierarchy and the spiritual leader of the Gelug lineage among the Khalkha Mongols. Although recognized as the reincarnation of the Bogd Khan in 1936, his identity was kept a secret by the Dalai Lama until 1990 due the persecution of the Buddhist religion by the Mongolian People's Republic, and did not reside in Mongolia until the last of his…

The 9th Jebtsundamba Khutughtu (1932 – 2012) was the 9th reincarnation of the Jebtsundamba Khutuktu, the third highest lama in the Tibetan Buddhism hierarchy and the spiritual leader of the Gelug lineage among the Khalkha Mongols. Although recognized as the reincarnation of the Bogd Khan in 1936, his identity was kept a secret by the Dalai Lama until 1990 due the persecution of the Buddhist religion by the Mongolian People's Republic, and did not reside in Mongolia until the last of his…

Communist anti-Buddhist propaganda depicting the lamas as a greedy exploiter class robbing the proletariat.

Communist anti-Buddhist propaganda depicting the lamas as a greedy exploiter class robbing the proletariat.

A photo of lamas interred during the communist purges. Many never returned. (Political persecution museum; Ulan Bator).

A photo of lamas interred during the communist purges. Many never returned.

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