Authorities allowed the Red Guards to abuse and kill opponents of the regime. As a result, in August and September 1966, there were a reported 1,772 people murdered by the Red Guards in Beijing alone. Lin was later officially named as Mao's successor. By 1971 a divide between the two men became apparent. Official history in China states that Lin was planning a military coup or an assassination attempt on Mao.
The Cultural Revolution was the starting point of China's change, the movement to seize Mao's real power, the largest shovel in Chinese history, and the adverse effect on China's development, but pragmatists took control of the regime.