India History - D. Vasco da Gama (c. 1460 or 1469 – 24 December 1524), 1st Count of Vidigueira, was a Portuguese explorer, one of the most successful in the Age of Discovery and the commander of the first ships to sail directly from Europe to India.

Vasco da Gama: Portuguese explorer who captained the first ship directly from Europe to India.

D. Afonso II de Portugal (cognominado O Gordo, O Crasso ou O Gafo, em virtude da doença que o teria afectado; Coimbra, 23 de Abril de 1185 - Santarém, 25 de Março de 1223), terceiro rei de Portugal, era filho do rei Sancho I de Portugal e da sua mulher, Dulce de Berenguer, mais conhecida como Dulce de Barcelona, infanta de Aragão. Afonso sucedeu ao seu pai em 1211.

D. Afonso II de Portugal (cognominado O Gordo, O Crasso ou O Gafo, em virtude da doença que o teria afectado; Coimbra, 23 de Abril de 1185 - Santarém, 25 de Março de 1223), terceiro rei de Portugal, era filho do rei Sancho I de Portugal e da sua mulher, Dulce de Berenguer, mais conhecida como Dulce de Barcelona, infanta de Aragão. Afonso sucedeu ao seu pai em 1211.

landofmaps:    “Portugal is not a small country.” This map comparing Europe with former Portuguese colonies was used during the dictatorship to raise the spirits of the population.

Portugal is not a small country” - Portuguese imperial colonies overlaid on a map of Europe, ca. by Henrique Galvão. The source which includes accompanying map, “Angola is not a small country”

Carlos y Amelia de Portugal

Prince Carlos of Bragança and Princess Amelie of Orleans on their weeding day.

The Portuguese in Japan

A nanban painting of a Portuguese carrack, seventeenth century. This particular ship design was quickly adopted and assimilated by Japanese craftsmen, as was the arquebus, the direct ancestor of the flint-lock rifle.

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