"I did take the blows [of life], but I took them with my chin up, in dignity, because I so profoundly love and respect humanity." ~Josephine Baker
Josephine Baker (June 3, 1906 – April 12, 1975) was an American-born French dancer, singer, and actress who came to be known in various circles as the "Black Pearl," "Bronze Venus" and even the "Creole Goddess". Born Freda Josephine McDonald in St. Louis, Missouri, Josephine later became a citizen of France in 1937. She was fluent in both English and French. Baker was the first African-American female to star in a major motion picture, Zouzou (1934) or to become a world-famous entertainer.
Josaphine Baker - During World War II, Josephine served with the French Red Cross and was an active member of the French resistance movement. She was awarded honor of the Croix de Guerre, and received a Medal of the Resistance in 1946. In 1961 she received the highest French honor, the Legion d'Honneur from French president Charles deGaulle.