Dom Afonso Henriques(1109-1185) nicknamed "the Conqueror", "the Founder" or "the Great"  by the Portuguese, and "the Portuguese" by the Moors whom he fought, was the first King of Portugal. He achieved the independence of the southern part of the Kingdom of Galicia, the County of Portugal, from Galicia's overlord, the King of León, in 1139, establishing a new kingdom and doubling its area with the Reconquista, an objective that he pursued until his death after 46 years of wars against the…

Dom Afonso tambem chamado "O Conquistador" - Primeiro Rei de Portugal (nicknamed "the Conqueror", was the first King of Portugal.

Portuguese ship 'Sagres' - Portugal

yellow-buds-of-may: “The Portuguese Navy Training Tall Ship, “Sagres”.

Luís Vaz de Camões, (1524 - 1580) His mastery of verse has been compared to that of Shakespeare, Vondel, Homer, Virgil and Dante. He wrote a considerable amount of lyrical poetry and drama but is best remembered for his epic work Os Lusíadas (The Lusiads). His recollection of poetry The Parnasum of Luís de Camões was lost in his lifetime. The influence of his masterpiece "Os Lusíadas" in Portuguese is so profound that it is called the "language of Camões".

Luís Vaz de Camões, - His mastery of verse has been compared to…

Manoel de Oliveira, the oldest filmmaker in the world, by Nicolas Guerin

Manoel de Oliveira, born December 1908 years), is a Portuguese filmmaker, and currently the world's oldest operating.

Sophia de Mello Breyner Andresen (1919-2004) is one of the most important poetess and writer of the twentieth century that found in poetry and literature a way to communicate her perception of things through the transfiguration of the world. Sea is one of her great themes; others also recurring are the Ancient Greece and ideas of freedom and justice. Her works also include children’s books. In 1999 she became the first woman receiving the highest Portuguese award for poetry, the Camões…

Sophia de Mello Breyner Andresen is one of the most important…

Pedro Álvares Cabral (1467or1468–1520) was a Portuguese nobleman, military commander, navigator and explorer and the discoverer of Brazil. Cabral conducted the first substantial exploration of the northeast coast of South America and claimed it for Portugal. His fleet of 13 ships sailed into the western Atlantic Ocean, perhaps intentionally, where he made landfall. As the new land was within the Portuguese sphere according to the Treaty of Tordesillas, Cabral claimed it for the Portuguese…

A old Pedro Álvares Cabral in an early painting. No contemporary portraits of Cabral are known to exist. This Day in History: Apr Portuguese navigator Pedro Álvares Cabral lands in Brazil

Dona Catarina introduced the custom of drinking tea in Britain, a custom that was already very popular among the Portuguese nobility at the time. The tea had been imported to Portugal from the Portuguese possessions in Asia as well as through the trade Portuguese merchants maintained with China and Japan.  According to the Museum Director of the house of Braganza, it was not only drinking tea but "High Tea" at 5:00 pm (some people believe it to be at 4:00 pm)which is still a Portuguese…

Sir Peter Lely - Catherine of Braganza, Queen of England - Hand painted oil painting on canvas.

Florbela Espanca (1894-1930) is considered as the greatest female figure in the early decades of the twentieth century Portuguese literature. Her poetry is characterized by recurring themes of suffering, loneliness, disappointment, associated with an immense tenderness and desire for happiness and fulfilment that can only be achieved in the absolute. The passionate vehemence of her language, markedly personal, focused on her own frustrations and anxieties, is often an erotic sensuality.

Florbela Espanca is considered as the greatest female figure in the…

Bartolomeu Dias (Portuguese) Anglicized: Bartholomew Diaz; c. 1451 – 29 May 1500 [1]), a nobleman of the Portuguese royal household, was a Portuguese explorer. He sailed around the southernmost tip of Africa in 1488, the first European known to have done so.

Bartholomew Diaz is the first Portuguese European to see the cape of Good Hope, helping find the southeastern water route between western Europe and Asia

Camilo Ferreira Botelho Castelo Branco (1825 - 1890) was one of the most prolific writers of Portuguese literature and striking. Novelist, columnist, critic, playwright, historian, poet and translator, was also the first. Viscount de Correia Botelho, title granted by King D. Luís. His most important works were, Amor de Perdição, A Queda de um Anjo and The Crime do Padre Amaro.

Camilo Castelo Branco (1861).JPG

Camilo Ferreira Botelho Castelo Branco - was one of the most prolific writers of Portuguese literature.

Manuel Maria Barbosa du Bocage (September 15, 1765 — December 21, 1805) was a Portuguese Neoclassic poet, writing under the pen name Elmano Sadino.

Manuel Maria Barbosa du Bocage (September 1765 — December was a Portuguese Neoclassic poet, writing under the pen name Elmano Sadino.

Portugal was the first European nation to trade in Africa. However, their initial goal was not to trade in Africa. Their goal was to sail around it to reach Asia. Sailing around Africa would help them to bypass the Muslim merchants that dominated the land area between Europe and Asia. When the Portuguese began sailing around Africa to reach Asia, they established trading settlements along the west coast of Africa.

Portugal was the first European nation to trade in Africa.

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